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Outsize Influence of Central American Orography on Global Climate

Global Climate Models (GCMs) exhibit substantial biases in their simulation of tropical climate. One particularly problematic bias exists in GCMs' simulation of the tropical rainband known as the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Much of the …

Extreme Weather and Climate Change: Population Health and Health System Implications

Extreme weather and climate events, such as heat waves, cyclones, and floods, are an expression of climate variability. These events and events influenced by climate change, such as wildfires, continue to cause significant human morbidity and …

Simplicity lacks robustness when projecting heat-health outcomes in a changing climate

Extreme heat adversely affects human health, productivity, and well-being, with more frequent and intense heatwaves projected to increase exposures. However, current risk projections oversimplify critical inter-individual factors of human …

Tropical cyclone sensitivities to CO2 doubling: roles of atmospheric resolution, synoptic variability and background climate changes

Responses of tropical cyclones (TCs) to CO2 doubling are explored using coupled global climate models (GCMs) with increasingly refined atmospheric/land horizontal grids (~ 200 km, ~ 50 km and ~ 25 km). The three models exhibit similar changes in …

The direct and ocean-mediated influence of Asian orography on tropical precipitation and cyclones

Prior global climate model (GCM) experiments have shown that the Tibetan Plateau and related orography play a significant role in enhancing the Indian Monsoon, particularly during its onset, and the East Asian monsoon. However, these experiments have …

Temporally Compound Heat Wave Events and Global Warming: An Emerging Hazard

The temporal structure of heat waves having substantial human impact varies widely, with many featuring a compound structure of hot days interspersed with cooler breaks. In contrast, many heat wave definitions employed by meteorologists include a …

The Impact of Large-Scale Orography on Northern Hemisphere Winter Synoptic Temperature Variability

Stronger contributions of urbanization to heat wave trends in wet climates

Interactions between urban heat islands and heat waves

Abstract Heat waves (HWs) are among the most damaging climate extremes to human society. Climate models consistently project that HW frequency, severity, and duration will increase markedly over this century. For urban residents, the urban heat …

Fusion Energy via Magnetic Confinement: An Energy Technology Distillate